The term "echinoculture" refers to the cultivation of echinoderms, which is, both for sea urchin (Echinoidea) and sea cucumber (Holothuroidea). The sea urchins are more precious than sea cucumbers and its cultivation is more advanced. There are two hedgehog culture sea methods: the first involves the deposition of adult egg eggs and the breeding of consequent larvae to the commercial dimension and the second implies the improvement of the gonads (i.e., increase the performance and of Quality) of chain adults that take place with captivity when feeding them with natural or prepared diets.
Improvement warehouse techniques include improving the habitat (artificial reef), artificial power, translocation and construction of nurseries that produce several million seeds a year that is transplanted into the field. Hatcheries can be a solution to ensure recruitment in which collection eliminates first generation adults, but natural habitats are needed, such as giant tide pools, to give sufficient protection to minors released in the field.
The last step in the production of sea urchin in aquaculture is the independence of natural resources, that is, to control the entire life cycle in culture, from the deposition of the eggs until the improvement of the Gonada. The somatic growth of minors until they reach the commercial dimension is a process that requires significant improvements in current technology and is fundamental for the successful development of closed echinoculture.
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