Spatial Partners in Vision: Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology


Journal of Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology considers articles on clinical ophthalmology related issues such as ophthalmia neonatorum, pterygium histology, aphakic glaucoma, acute zonal occult outer retinopathy (AZOOR), hypertrophic pachymeningitis, phacomorphic glaucoma, pseudoexfoliation syndrome, binasal hemianopsia, bitemporal heteronymous hemianopsia, cycloplegic refraction, cycloplegic drugs, macular edema optical coherence tomography (OCT), juxta fovea retinal telangiectasis, central serous retinopathy treatment, involutional ectropion, impaired depth perception, lacrimal fistula, sagging eye syndrome, spontaneous periorbital ecchymosis, neonatal conjunctivitis, ocular pemphigoid, Non-Arteritic Anterior Ischemic Optic Neuropathy (NAION) and Arteritic Anterior Ischemic Optic Neuropathy (AAION) eye, macular pseudohole, scleromalacia perforans, and subperiosteal haemorrhage. Quality articles are welcome for submission which will aid in attaining high impact factor.

Emerging practices and the experiences in this field needs a critical and thorough discussion to spread the knowledge so that the researchers, ophthalmologists and pharmacist adopt them to pass on the benefits to the needy. The Journal of Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology accepts articles in the form of research articles, review articles, short communications, letter to editors, commentaries, case reports, etc. This ophthalmology journal is a peer reviewed open access scholarly journal dedicated towards distribution of valuable information for the societal benefit. Ophthalmology journal impact factor is 1.42* for last 5 Years.


Optical scientists have measured how intraocular glare affects the image on the retina. Neural processes make spatial comparisons at every stage along the visual pathway. Both glare and neural processing alter visual response to scene radiances. Neural processing acts to cancel in part the impact of glare. The reduction of glare effects represents a new type of object constancy.


Studies of impaired-vision and cataracts measured the Glare Spread Function in eyes. In everyday experience, outside the effects of solar and headlight glare we usually do not notice it, so we might assume that glare is negligible. Scientists carefully record scene radiances for their model’s input. We must avoid the unarticulated assumption that the spatial array of scene radiances is equal to the spatial array of retinal radiances. Colorimetry and thresholds (detection and increment) using spots with no other source of straylight can work without calculating the retinal radiance image. Real-life images have variable, and unpredictable, scene content. Real images have High Dynamic Range (HDR) because of nonuniform illumination. Every “pixel” in a scene contributes small glare to every other pixel. Glare is the sum of millions of these small, and very small contributions.


Recent calculations of retinal images (in normal eyes) show large changes compared to the scene radiance distribution. Further, these calculations show the strong influences of scene content. In other words, objects with a given scene radiance become different retinal radiances due to optical glare from other parts of the scene. While glare is a part of all optics, it is remarkable that humans with normal vision usually do not observe its effects, even from scenes with considerable spatial transformation of scene radiances (beach scenes).

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